Bureau Waardenburg
Varkensmarkt 9
4101 CK Culemborg
the Netherlands
T: +31 (0) 345 512710
email buwa



Cormorant with a deformed bill

Birds, mammals and other organisms are at risk of the adverse effects of pollution in their food. Pollution accumulates in the food chain and it's effects are most often seen at the top of the food chain, such as birds and mammals. In particular, reproduction and associated parameters often show the most effects and are, therefore, good measures of contaminants.

At Bureau Waardenburg, we apply ecotoxicological research as a monitoring tool of the biological effects in relation to ecological management. This means that not only the species affected are examined but also species lower in the food chain.

We carry out fieldwork and bring in the necessary knowledge in order to distinguish the ecological and biological effects. Examples of long-term projects includes studies on cormorants, common terns, little owls and badgers.